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Strategies for all Children Inclusion

Strategies for all Children Inclusion

Theory Assessment: CHCECE021 Implement strategies for the inclusion of all children

1)聽聽聽聽聽聽 A colleague tells you that they think there is too much focus on making curriculum decisions with a view to including children with diverse or additional needs. What would you tell them?
I do not think that there is too much focus on the implementation of curriculum decisions that incorporate children diversity. I believe that the education sector has made major progress in meeting the diverse needs of learners. However, more efforts are still required to ensure that children with diverse needs acquire the same standard of education with other children. For quite some long, children with diverse needs have missed out in education opportunities despite their capabilities. It is critical for the key stakeholders in education to understand that these children can still achieve highly despite their diverse needs. We might be unable to attain equal societies in the future if we do not acknowledge the fact that we still have more to do concerning the education of children with diverse needs. Making learning a more fulfilling experience for them entails structuring policies that recognise their status cushion them from historical discrimination, which has led to the perception that they are always underachievers.
Assessor鈥檚 comment:
2)聽聽聽聽聽聽 A parent and educator do not believe that a particular child has the capacity to succeed in learning skills such as how to write their name or how to count to 20. What might happen in this example?
The child might not succeed in learning the two basic skills. Even though the child might have the capability to learn, he or she might not learn in the absence of encouragement from the educator and the parent. For children to learn effectively, they require support and reinforcement from the immediate environment. Since the parent and the educator already believe that he or she might not learn, there is much likelihood of them not providing the needed support. Teaching in childhood ought to be as repetitive as possible to ensure that the child grasps skills and knowledge. In the case study, the parent and the educator may give up repeating concepts to the child due to the preconceived outcome.
Assessor鈥檚 comment:

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3)聽聽聽聽聽聽 What do you think the benefits of working in partnership with families, communities and other services and agencies in support of children might be? Provide at least five examples.

You must provide references, i.e. cite your source, e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Children do not grow in isolated environments and thus require support from various entities- parents, siblings, the extended family, communities and other governmental and non-governmental agencies. Working partnerships in support of children benefit not only the children but also the partners.

  1. Working in partnerships helps children to grow in socially active environments which adequately prepares them for life in adulthood. Partnerships at different levels help children to be more socially active beings in the community. It exposes them to a wide range of social relations(Palaiologou & Male, 2017, p. 88). For example, children who grow in a community setup tend to learn language earlier than those who grow in isolated environments.
  2. Working in partnerships makes parents feel more respected and valued(Palaiologou & Male, 2017, p. 90). Parents usually know more about their children, information that can be used in developing support plans for the children. When parents are consulted to give their opinion, they develop the belief that they have a role to play in the learning of their children.
  3. The educators directly benefit from the information given to me the parents as it helps in structuring the support of the children. They get to understand the children even better, making the teaching of skills more enjoyable and rewarding(Webster-Stratton & Bywater, 2015, p. 210).
  4. Partnerships help in establishing and building trust among the various stakeholders in child support. Children, especially those who have special needs, maybe so fragile to handle. Created a shared understanding among the involved parties helps in ensuring that the children are in safe hands and are engaged in activities which boost their development(Webster-Stratton & Bywater, 2015, p. 210).
  5. Working partnerships help in establishing shared expectations among the people involved in child support. They help in ensuring that the parents hold realistic expectations for their children and understanding that development may be delayed(Webster-Stratton & Bywater, 2015, p. 213). Managing parent expectations is critical in addressing their concerns about child development.

References

Palaiologou, I. & Male, T., 2017. Partnerships with parents. In: Z. Brown & S. Ward, eds. Contemporary Issues in Childhood: An Ecological Approach. S .l.: Routledge, pp. 83-97.

Webster-Stratton, C. & Bywater, T., 2015. Incredible partnerships: Parents and teachers working together to enhance outcomes for children through a multi-modal evidence-based programme. Journal of Children’s Service, 10(3), pp. 202-217.

Assessor鈥檚 comment:
4)聽聽聽聽聽聽 In your own words聽 describe how as educators you can :

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Make curriculum decisions that promote the inclusion and participation of all children

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Choose strategies that encourage participation

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Identify additional resources or information to further develop and/or adapt curriculum and knowledge to meet additional needs

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Review and adapt service delivery to meet the needs of children

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Strengthen partnerships with families, communities and other agencies

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Reflect on their practices and develop more equitable and effective ways to work with all children

The following website may assist you: http://files.acecqa.gov.au/files/Information_Sheets/QualityImprovementPlan.pdf

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source, e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

In the increasingly diverse modern service settings, educators can make decisions that promote inclusion and diversity by incorporating values that favour diversity and encouraging the creation of a positive and favourable climate for all learners. Educators should encourage staffs to model traits that contribute positively to respect to one another and discourage prejudice, such as empathy. Educators should also incorporate the various cultures represented in the child care settings in the curriculum and portray them positively聽(Darling-Hammond & Osher, 2019, p. 122).

Educators can choose strategies that encourage participation by using appropriate reinforcement techniques and giving examples from each culture represented. Appropriate reinforcement entails equally rewarding all children and avoiding discouraging sentiments聽(Darling-Hammond & Osher, 2019, p. 99). Using examples from all the cultures represented in the care facility makes the learners to feel recognised, which boosts their participation levels.

The development of the learning resources should be considerate of the learners鈥 needs as well as culturally appropriate. To develop resources for additional needs, the educators should first consider achievement levels of the learners and then set goals and objectives. These considerations will aid in sourcing only the resources that are adequately tailored for the specific needs.

In the review of service delivery, an educator should first consider the effectiveness of the services that he or she has been delivering. If the previous service delivery has facilitated the achievement of major skills, then it should be altered slightly to make it more effective. If the service delivery has not led to any major achievement, it should be replaced with a more appropriate one聽(Desimone & Garet, 2015, p. 256). An educator may consider applying a service delivery methodology that has worked in a similar case before.

To strengthen partnerships with the key stakeholders in the provision of support to children, an educator should engage each party in the formulation of plans for support. All parties should be made aware of the needs of the child and how they can be met. The parties, on the other hand, especially families, should be allowed to give opinions about the development of their children聽(Desimone & Garet, 2015, p. 260). Consulting these parties creates more links among them, which positively impacts the development of the child.

Educators should reflect on their practice by assessing specific practices against the achievement of the set goals. The practices that have led to the achievement of more goals should be favoured in future practice. The self-assessment should help in developing more equitable and effective methods of working with children. It helps in restructuring practices which are more child-friendly. Upon reflecting, an educator should be able to establish what they have been doing right and what needs to be adjusted.

References

Darling-Hammond, L. & Osher, D., 2019. Implications for educational practice of the science of learning and development learning and development. Applied Developmental Science, 24(2), pp. 97-140.

Desimone, L. M. & Garet, M. S., 2015. Best Practices in Teachers鈥 Professional Development. Psychology, Society, & Education, 7(3), pp. 252-263.

Assessor鈥檚 comment:
5)聽聽聽聽聽聽 A. Reflect on UNICEF鈥檚 The right to participation (www.unicef.org/crc/files/Right-to-Participation.pdf) and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Explain how your service philosophy, policies and procedures link to this international legislation. Discuss:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Inclusion, equity and diversity

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 The need for understanding different backgrounds, experiences, and needs of families in exceptional circumstances or with additional needs

B. Link the principles of inclusion and participation to a Principle, Practice and Outcome of the Early Years Learning Framework.

You must provide references, i.e. cite your source, e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

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6)聽聽聽聽聽聽 A. Following are five family differences related to capacity and ability that might be represented in your service:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Single mum with four children

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Stay-at-home dad

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 A parent with a physical disability

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 A child on the autism spectrum

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Two children living with their grandparents

For each family, explain how this difference makes the child鈥檚 home life unique

B. Describe one experience you could provide in your service that would help children celebrate the richness of society. It should be based on the differences you discovered in question 1

C.. Link the experience from question 2 to an EYLF outcome

You must provide references, i.e. cite your source, e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

7)聽聽聽聽聽聽 Children are decorating hearts to give to their mothers for mothers鈥 day. You are aware that one child has two fathers rather than a mother and a father. What could you do to show respect for children鈥檚 family backgrounds in this circumstance?
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8)聽聽聽聽聽聽 Case Study 鈥 Abena and Saili (both 5) are playing in the home corner. They are playing out a scene where they have come home from work and they are getting ready to cook dinner. Simon moves to the play area and asks Abena and Saili if he can play too. Abena pushes him out the entrance of the home corner, saying, 鈥榊ou can鈥檛 be in our family; you have the wrong colour skin!鈥 She points to her dark-skinned arm. 鈥淲e have a mum and dad anyway.鈥

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Describe how you would respond to this situation. Consider the following:

路聽聽 Issues of fairness

路聽聽 Opportunities to learn about similarities and differences and how we can live together

路聽聽 Engaging children in discussions about respectful and equal relations

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Element 5.1.1 National Quality Standard states that鈥 Responsive and meaningful interactions build trusting relationships which engage and support each child to feel secure, confident and included鈥. This suggests that you must provide an environment that reflects the lives of the children, their families and the local community.

It also relates to how your service upholds children鈥檚 right to their culture, identity, ability and strengths within the curriculum. Explain what an authorised officer would see in your service that demonstrates this Element in practice. Consider:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Philosophy

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Policies

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Procedures

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Workplace practices

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Curriculum decisions

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

9)聽聽聽聽聽聽 Choose one culture represented in Australian society (eg Japanese, Italian, Greek or Indian) and describe examples of at least five activities that children might participate in to explore the richness that diversity contributes to society.
 
Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

10)聽聽聽 Consider how you, as an educator, will promote children鈥檚 learning of how to respond to diversity with respect. Use the criteria on EYLF pg27 to aid your reflections.
 
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11)聽聽聽 What Barriers to learning might children have?

You must provide references, i.e. cite your source, e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing can be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

12)聽聽聽 There is a 5 month old baby in the nursery of the early childhood education and care service where you work. The baby has been happy and settled since first coming to the service setting at three and a half months of age. You notice that the baby is increasingly unsettled and cries a lot more than they used to do. You address all the possible reasons the baby might be unhappy, but they still have difficulty settling when in the facility. The baby does not appear to be running a fever but is persistently restless. You note also that they seem to have stopped smiling and cooing behaviour they were showing up until last week. You suspect the child has or has developed a barrier to learning. What should you do?
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13)聽聽聽 Case Study 鈥 Molly is 2 years old and is about to commence her orientation process at a service. Molly is hearing impaired and hears only some sounds. She has no language skills and does not respond to sound; however, she does know some Auslan communication. Molly鈥檚 mother is a confident parent who is positive about Molly鈥檚 entry into the service.

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 How would you go about developing a holistic understanding of Molly鈥檚 particular needs? Consider

路聽聽 Who you might discuss Molly鈥檚 needs with

路聽聽 How you might collect data about Molly

路聽聽 How you might use the data to inform your actions

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Who would you contact to gain more information about Molly?

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 How do your service policies and procedures apply to this situation

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

 
Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

14)聽聽聽 If a child with autism were to begin orientation in your service tomorrow, what strategies could you implement immediately to meet the child鈥檚 needs? As yet, you have no other information about the child. Compile a report on:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 How would you prepare for the child

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 What would you tell other educators to be aware of, in relation to how they might support the child, support the parent and prepare the environment?

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 What actions would you take to develop a holistic understanding of the child鈥檚 needs?

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 How would you gather information about these needs

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 How could you encourage participation by reviewing or suggesting adaptations to service delivery to meet these needs?

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

15)聽聽聽 Where might you find the following resources? Include the contact details:

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Jumbo triangular grip crayons

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 Asthma training

路聽聽聽聽聽聽聽聽 A chair system or positioning form for a child who is unable to sit unaided

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

16)聽聽聽 A child who uses a wheelchair is about to start attending the early childhood education and care service you work for. You have been asked to make a list of environmental adaptations that might need to be made to accommodate the child. What would you suggest?

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

17)聽聽聽 Design a series of cards using photos, symbols or drawings that you could use to support a child鈥檚 understanding of daily routines and events in an education and care service.

 
 

 

 

 

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19)聽聽聽 Why is it necessary to conduct regular reviews of plans?
Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

20)聽聽聽 A 3.5 year old has epilepsy. They have never been away from their parents before but have been enrolled to start next week with the service provider for which you work. The child鈥檚 mother will return to part-time work on Monday, Tuesday and Thursday each week. Give a brief outline of what you would do to support the child鈥檚 entry to the early childhood education and care service.

You must provide references for each section. You must cite your source e.g. Learner guide, website, book, work publication etc. Details聽 for basic referencing are to be found at

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RdG91lhDseA

Assessor鈥檚 comment:

 

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