The origin of sociology can be traced back a thousand years ago. It was the Philosophical ideology of French man known as Auguste Comte (Henslin, p.12). Comte is referred by many scholars as the father sociology. Comte coined the definition of sociology as a science of society. Besides Comte, other scholars who came afterward also helped in developing sociology. For example, Emile Durkheim helped to spread the work of sociology when he first introduced sociology as part of the academics in the higher education. Durkheim social work was majorly based on social facts and social integration. Durkheim argued that social facts were the phenomenon within the society that existed independently of personal actions and choices. On the other side, he advocated social integration was the degree in which people were linked to their social groups. From the perceptions of these two earliest sociologists, this paper defines sociology as a science of society and study of functioning, organization, origin and development of the human society. It also perceives sociology as the science of critical laws that govern institutions and social relations among individuals and organizations. This is a Student Sample ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
Traditionally, sociology focused on law, deviance, secularization, religion, social mobility, culture, social class and social satisfaction. However, today the subject of sociology has greatly expanded and has focused on more diverse disciplines which include the internet, penal institutions, medical, health and the responsibility of the society at large in the advancement of scientific knowledge. Today sociology has positioned itself as specific tool of exploring human social life. The scope of scientific procedures has expanded through sociology. Social researchers have applied a range of both quantitative and qualitative techniques. Additionally, in the recent decades, there has been the rise of computationally, mathematically and analytically demanding techniques such as social network and agent founded modeling analysis (Henslin, p. 17). Therefore, it is evident that sociology is not a one-time event but a discipline that is in the process of development as it has been the case for other disciplines. It is clear that sociology is changing with the changes in its environment as well as per the dynamics of the world. Today world is very dynamic; it is marked ever and continuous social alternations that influence international networks, nations, states, organizations, communities, families and live of individuals. This phenomenon of change classifies sociology as the science of change.
Sociology has an impactful influence on the people social lives. It extends beyond the environment where the people lives and thus influence people both internally and externally. The group of people in the society influence individuals. People will tend to conform and adapt to the culture and behavior attributable to the majority members of the society. Today, age, race, ethnicity, gender, education, income and jobs influence people’s behavior and ideas (Henslin p.19). For example, people tend to move from one social class to another when they either gain employment promotion, acquire a new job or their income increases. The society today is modified and controlled by the sociology. Even how individuals do certain minor things such as laughing erupts from the identification of someone with the specific group in the society. From the insight of the above scenarios, it is argumentative that sociology gives the society certain unique features and traits. For example, it defines the roles which should be executed successfully by men and those best suits for the females. Sociology is people, and people is the sociology as the two works in hand with each other. This is a Student Sample ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
Henslin, James M. Essentials of Sociology. San Francisco: Pearson Education, Inc, 2014. Web.