Social Work Practices for Children and Families
Social work is a profession concerned with helping people as well as the promotion of human growth, health and social functional environments (Teater, Barbra, & Kondrat, 2018). It in cooperates individuals, groups, families, and communities in a bid to enhance the social wellbeing. It is concerned with how individuals perform their social responsibilities (Ruffolo, Perron, & Voshel, 2015). It strives to bring a social change, cohesion, liberation as well as empowerment of the marginalized groups in the society. Social justice, respect for diversities as well as collective responsibilities are the basic principles of social work. Social work enhances individuals well being as well as addresses life challenges through engagement of the affected individuals. It advises on usage of resources and skills to address life challenges (Siedlecki, Salthouse, Oishi, & Jeswani, 2014). It is majorly concerned with personal issues but not broader challenges such as poverty and unemployment. THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
Family and marriages are social structures which have their designated effects towards one’s life. Functionalism and exchange theory were some of the subcategories of this approach. There is an excellent correlation between social structures and the effects of place, past and time of one’s life (Black, Holditch-Davis, & Miles, 2010). This is well explained by a theory known as the life course theory. The argument assumes that age, social structure, and historical changes shape the manner in which an individual lives their life. Time and place, agency, linked entities, timing and lifespan development are the principles that define this theory. The question of where and when shapes individuals live. One’s adulthood developments are in most cases determined by the experiences such individuals went through in their early lives.
There are five environmental systems identified in the human ecology theory upon which one interacts. It examines one’s relationship with the community as well as the broader community (Kail & Cavanaugh, 2010). The five systems include; Microsystems, mesosystem, exosystem, macrosystem, and chronosystems. One psychology is shaped by roles, rules, and norms contained in the five subsystems.
The interrelationship between one’s life and the changes in the social setting is approached through the use of the life course theory. It conceptualizes lives with the families, society and historical time context. In the Askin’s Family case study, the worker employs life course theory to root out the how social changes might have impacted Justin’s life. The approach puts into consideration a series of variations on one’s life and how such changes might have changed their life for example, how the divorce of Justin’s parents might have negatively changed his life. These changes can either be marital status, residence or parenthood. A sequence of events characterizes every life change. For instance, leaving home, becoming a parent or looking for a job.
To begin with, marital status, children of single or unstable relationships are profoundly affected by mental or health problems when compared to those who hail from stable families (Hannighofer, Foran, Hahlweg, & Zimmermann, 2017). Justin’s change of behavior might have been profoundly influenced by the fact that his parents separated. Children born out of unstable marriages grow up with developmental challenges as compared to those from stable families (Waldfogel, Craigie, & J, 2010).
A father is critical in every family setting. The absence of fulltime fatherly love may have negatively changed Justin’s behavior. Fathers have their particular way through which they talk to their children. Fathers usually find their unique roles, for example, observing some signs of joy from their children. Probably, Fred could have been around Justin since when the boy was young, he could have noticed the change in behavior on Justine. This is because; fathers usually talk to their children in a way that is different from how mothers are. A dad can change how things are done in a family through exploration of more risky approaches but still safe ones (Musinski, 2016). He can stimulate different parts of child’s mind based on how they interact. This could have been the significant influence towards Justin’s change of behavior. THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
When parent relationship is high in a family, their children have better outcomes (Moore, Kinghorn & Bandy, 2011). In my own opinion, Justin’s aggressive behavior might have been brought up by the nature of relationship his parents have. Considering that, his father stopped being closer to the boy even when the boy was at a tender age, this might have contributed to how the boy lived. Happy parental relationships across all manner of subgroups are believed to impact better outcomes for their children regardless of their race, family structure or ethnicity.
Parenting process dramatically increases children perspectives. Young people think differently when compared to adults (Murphy, 2014). A parent can influence their children more compared to the children peers and friends. In my conclusion, Justin’s behavior could have changed drastically if his parents could have been together since the beginning. In most of the cases, parents tend to misunderstand what their children are going through at times of emotional disturbance. This might have impacted Justin’s life behavior.
Microsystems refer to groups or institutions which have direct impact on the learner’s development. This includes family and school. Justin’s behavior might have been influenced by this. For example, his parents divorced. This might have significantly changed him. The pattern of activities, roles as well as interpersonal relationships that a growing individual goes through in a certain period of life contribute a lot to his or her future life. When Justine was young, he was placed under daycare. In the daycares, a child cannot get the much parental love he or she needs at that age. This undoubtedly led to his change of behavior as such settings were not conducive for him. One has to influence the environment as it controls him. The manner in which one treats his or her background is the same manner which he or she addresses it. It, therefore, seems that the school setting has not been positively treating Justine. This is implicated by the way in which he operates his schoolmates.
Mesosystems refer to the linkage between the Microsystems (Johnson, 2010). For example, in a school setup, parents, students and the teachers may be in the form of dynamic movement. The parents might be expecting higher expectations from their children thus impacting such pressures on their teachers. In this case, Gill always denied Justine from seeing his biological father just because they (parents) had some marital differences. This might have been the source of the child’s aggressive behaviors.
The broader social systems are encompassed in the ecosystem (Johnson, 2010). There are individual decisions and rules over which a growing individual does not impact them. In response, the system has a direct impact on the developing individual. Justine grew up in an unstable family. He did not change the family matters. He has been thinking that behaving aggressively might put issues on the right track even though this to him seems like an endless fight. This probably has resulted in his aggressive behavior.
The ecological approach to people’s behavior targets on the people’s environment as a way of determining what might have changed their life. Human beings understand the situation through various senses (Bickhard, 2017). The Askin’s family can understand some of the issues that might have influenced their family. Gill can realize that their idea of taking Justin to day care at the early age might have affected his behavior.
Children behavior depends on the strength of the family.
The relationship between the two families is paramount. The Askins family is an advantageous family. This is because there is a good relationship between Fred’s family and that of Gill. The parents from the two families have done a lot to bring up Justine well. When he was young, he used to be left with Gills mother. This is strength to his family as a child grows better when under the care of its grandparents rather than a maid. As Justin grows, he has been able to communicate with the other family members and realized their points of view towards him. His father’s parents always view him as a continuation of their family. Justine likes it when he is out with his father. This is a strength to the Askin’s family since, even though they are not in good terms, the father still affords the time to go with his son out and entertain him.
Good mental health is needed for children wellbeing (Grose, 2012). Their ways of life should be free from stress and overwork. Having good health doesn’t mean that one should not experience difficulties in their life. It is normal for a child to feel worried or fearful in life. A child who is mentally settled is one who has the capability of resolving life curves with ease. It will be good for the Askins to formulate good mental health habits. Many of the parents just like Justin’s parents live under stressful lifestyles. It is good to adopt practices of doing exercises regularly. It will be ideal if Justin’s parents could settle together. This is because children tend to copy what their parents do, the same case to Justine. He has been copying what he has been observing from his mother who has been under depression for an extended period.
A problem shared is a problem half solved. Askin’s family should develop an approach through which they can be sharing their problems (Firestone, 2012). This is because, when one talks about what worries him or her, the burden reduces hence anxiousness going down to manageable levels. It is good for a parent to let their child know that what they are going through is a problem that can be solved.
Everybody including children always needs a space of their own for them to be able to think. Silent time gives time especially for boys to be able to allow their feelings circumnavigate through their minds. It assists them to realize more about themselves. A boy child always wants to get a solution to their issues while on their own. It will be of advantage to the Askins family if they adopt the approach of letting Justine think of his problems before they persuade him to share them. THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
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