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PHIL 242 Contemporary Ethical Issues

PHIL 242 Contemporary Ethical Issues

1. Doing Ethics” means?

2. What is Ethics?

3. What is Morality?

4. Why did Kant believe that it is never morally permissible to borrow money on a lying promise to pay it back?

5. List three places morality may come from:

6. What is the difference between Meta-Ethics and Applied Ethics?

7. The two consequentialist moral theories are:

8. Epicurus taught that all good and bad derive from:

9. Identify one problem with Ethical Egoism and explain why it is a problem: blank 10. Define Utilitarianism:

11. The two types of Utilitarianism are:

12. Identify one problem with Act Utilitarianism and explain why it is a Problem:

13. Identify one advantage of Rule Utilitarianism and explain its benefit:

14. What is the difference between Teleological and Deontological Moral Theories?

15. What are nonconsequentialist moral theories based on?

16. Name one non consequentialist moral theory and explain how that theory works:

17. What is Cosmopolitanism regarding Immigration?

18. What would a person who believes in Cultural Relativism think about the morality of Honor Killing?

19. Define Kant’s Categorical Imperative

20. Define Kant’s Practical Imperative

21. List two criticisms of Kant’s Ethics and explain their inherent problems

22. What is the difference between Objectivism and Emotivism?

23. __________________________ was the most important thinker associated with Natural Law.

24. The two types of Natural Goods are _________________ Goods and _______________ Goods.

25. Explain the Principle of Double Effect:

26. What is Virtue?

27. _______________ was the most important thinker associated with Virtue Ethics.

28. According to Aristotle, practicing Virtue requires us to form the habit of choosing the _________________ between two __________________.

29. List three Virtues:

30. Explain one of the advantages of Virtue Ethics:

31. What is Vice?

32. Explain one of the criticisms of Virtue Ethics:

  1. What is Eudaimonia according to Aristotle?
  1. What is the function of the human being according to Aristotle?
  1. Why did Kant believe it is never morally permissible to commit suicide?
  1. What is Subjective Relativism?
  1. Benjamin Franklin lived his life by following which of the moral Theories?
  1. Would a government that follows Natural Law believe it would be moral to prevent all those seeking asylum from entering its borders? Why?
  1. According to Divine Command Theory, would Abraham be moral if he killed his son Isaac? Why?

 

  1. Is Female Genital Mutilation moral if a country’s culture approves of it?
  2. What does your answer above say about objectivism and relativism?

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  1. Should wealthy Nations admit as many refugees as possible into their societies? Why or why not?
  1. What is the difference between descriptive and prescriptive ethics?
  1. What are the two tests within Kant’s Categorical Imperative?
  1. What is a Moral Theory?
  1. What is the difference between Virtue Ethics and Consequentialist Theories of Morality?
  1. What should Sophie have done when she was told to choose which of

her children would live and which would die?

Was Sophie morally responsible for her choice?

  1. How would a Utilitarian argue for greater restrictions on immigration?
  1. Why is the Trolley Problem a criticism of Utilitarianism?
  1. Truman used which moral theory to help him decide whether or not to drop atomic bombs on Japan? ___________________. Do you think this was the right decision? Why?

Extra Credit:  Does Hobbes (from the Calvin and Hobbes comic strip) really change back and forth from a stuffed animal to a real tiger, or is he always a stuffed animal and Calvin only perceives the transformation in his mind?

What are the implications of your answer for the existence of subjective vs. objective reality?

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