Housing Social Policy in Australia
Critically analyze the theoretical and ideological underpinnings of the policy approach taken by the Australian Government in relation to Housing support of social responsibility.
Social policy is a process in which groups of people, their activities or institutions undergo to implement new policies or change the existing ones. The policy facilitates implementation of new ideas and effective policies to improve societal well-being, welfare, and acknowledge individual satisfactory of needs (Woods, 2004). This policy concerns with what the government do, covers the non-government, the local government operations and the families, they all influence the social warfare. The main purpose of the Social policy is to improve the well-being of the people; it mainly focuses on those who experience disadvantages. There have been underpinnings of the housing support in Australia. There are some ideological which include; THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
Demand management and funding. The housing policy is meeting the demand of the housing needed by the disabled in Australia. The population is growing rapidly but the housing support policy is not taking account to that. The social policy has been concerned in the housing support. The access to conducive houses have amazingly deteriorated. The funding has gone down in housing in the area. The available housing facilities are very costly making the people with disabilities not to fit in the competitive facilities (Woods, 2004). Similarly, the facilities have been located away from the employment opportunities as well as the transport accessibility is critical to them making them disadvantageous in integrating the services. The government has based its approach on the budget instead of the individual need. This with time has been restored to achieving the housing support objectives.
Interagency coordination. The government agencies and providers of the numerous providers have been having issues in coordination in housing policy. The people with disabilities are not been valued and catered by the housing providers (Woods, 2004). The transparency has not been there in the housing hence less responsible with the disabled. Lack of integration of the government agencies with the providers of the housing support. There have been information communication barriers in the two departments. The barrier has totally reduced the housing suitability in Australia. It is for the integration where the housing provision would be fair to all residents.
Choice and flexibility of the Housing Support. The choice of the housing was a major underpinning factor in the housing support (Carson & Kerr, 2014). The locations and the arrangements of building range was inappropriate to the people. The implementation of new policies for the suitability of housing availability. The affordable housing was for the special and high class people. The diversity was not meeting the needs of the people. The government have started re-introducing housing clustering which was considered to have been improving the economy rather than the scattered housing. The social policy has been trying ranging the flexibility of locating the houses.
The staffing quality. The services in the housing support could include the services provision. The managerial and trained personnel have been a barrier in the housing support. The services approach in conjunction with the good staffing is a key in making the social and economic concept in housing support (Robinson, 2002). The needs of the people would be met when the services rendered by the staff is of good quality. The disabled are calling for more attention and therefore the staff must be effective. The approach calls for the effective attendants who will make sure that the people who need to move from one hotel to the other can without straining. The managers in the housing support have little attention which leads people not attaining their objectives (Carson & Kerr, 2014).
Informal Caretakers. The government have unlimited housing support. The people with disability are assisted by their family members. The housing support has been facing challenge in maintaining the challenged people in their houses. It has been very informal in catering the needs of the disabled. This people are forced to stay there because they lack alternatives of housing. It was very costly for home care although it appeared to be effective. Comparing the public services and the home care, it was restraining. There have been challenges in using a formal and an informal support have been in bad terms (Robinson, 2002). Due to high costs of formal approach the families have decided to take care of their people with disabilities. They could offer a controlled responsibility in satisfying the needs of their people. The intellectual disabilities and the informal caretakers can conflict because of the inadequacy of knowledge. The intellectual disabled need formal caring which is provided by the government hence it is very costly to the families.
Discrimination. There has been a challenge of discrimination in social policy. In the housing support, the people who require special attention have been experiences inadequate supply of the services. This has been to the grounds of their indigeneity, gender and culture (Bailie & Wayte, 2006). The house providers have been so discriminative to those people who were not from their cultural ground. Most people staying in such areas were not getting satisfaction of housing support. The Aboriginal people who were living in the remote areas could not access this housing report. THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
The only solution through the social policy in housing support were relocated to urban centers where they could be taken care of by the formal care takers (Carson & Kerr, 2014) . The mixing of the culture in the housing support was as well a barrier in providing quality housing support. To control the discrimination, the government put efforts of educating the care takers the cultural equality in provision of resources. It was through this training where the beliefs about racism and cultural indifference among the staff was controlled. The discrimination was an underpinning factor in rendering the housing support, due to this government has facilitated cost effective approaches like integrating the formal and informal to meet individual need rather than a group (Jamrozik, 2009).
Develop a framework that would support the various points of intervention available to a human services worker for influencing the outcomes for the specific target group. (500 words including framework table)
Social workers are the human rights workers. Human services workers key function is guiding individuals to realize their rights (Morris, Jamieson & Patulny, 2012). In this context of housing support, the human services workers help the disadvantaged population in understanding their right of having conducive living environment. They assist then in claiming the collective rights they deserve. In this particular part of the paper I will discuss the core functions of the human services workers in empowering, some of the challenges they face and the outcomes for the housing support.
The human services workers help in intervention of the Northern Territory; this was dealing with addressing family violence and the communities’ disputes and abuse (Morris, Jamieson & Patulny, 2012). The social workers help in dealing with the political issues facing the individual person. It is through this intervention here the human services workers involve the human rights concept to meet the housing, health care and income satisfactory to the people. This vital role has assisted in minimizing the gap and showing the number of Australians who have not been meeting the human rights.
The human services worker has been supported by the government agencies in protecting the human rights. The clear targets of the housing support in Australia have been made applicable by the social workers. They campaign for the social justice because the rights have responsibilities. Where the services workers meet challenge the government intervenes in order for them to provide necessary services to the community (Woods, 2004). This intervention has influenced greatly the housing support outcome.
|Problems facing the human services worker.||Intervention||Outcome for the housing support.|
|Violence in the communities.||Northern Territory||Satisfactory of the human rights and helped in solving the disputes in the community making the stay conducive in the residential (Jamrozik, 2009).|
|Injustice in the housing support||Government agencies.||The government have put efforts in controlling the social injustices through the funding of the human social workers who were the intermediate in the housing support.|
|Insufficient funds||Government incentives, subsidies and concessions||The key goal is increasing the housing. The government have provided the services to improve the supply of enough affordable and conducive housing (Robinson, 2002).|
|Price inflation||Government intervention||The government has improved the supply of the housing to the demand in order to maintain the cost of housing across Queen land which has reduced the inflation of housing (Morris, Jamieson & (Patulny, 2012). This has made the housing support effective.|
|Location diversity||Transport Technology invention||The technology has made the housing accessible to the people. The improved sufficiency of energy has reduced the costs of household hence making the housing support in the state.|
|Expensive housing||The housing agencies||The housing agencies has addressed the affordability of housing in the regional. The housing support has been improved in the areas of Torres Strait Aboriginal communities(Morris, Jamieson & Patulny,(2012)..|
|Insecurity in the rentals.||Government reforms||The government has investigated the security tenure in the rental properties. Security accessibility has improved the demand of housing in the communities. This has made it effective in the housing support (Carson & Kerr, 2014).|
Identify the theoretical underpinnings of your approach to influencing social policy as this relates to your profession and outcomes for disadvantaged populations.
There have been theoretical underpinnings in the housing support in Australia. There have been alternatives approaches of the social policy (Morris, Jamieson & Patulny (2012). The approaches have been transformative to the social policy in the disadvantaged population in Australia. The theoretical approaches held a very critical view and as well emphasized on the inseparability of social resources from the economic. They make the resources available hence making the society embedded. These underpinnings have been a cause of high living standards to the disadvantaged population. It has been difficult in distribution of resources equally due to some theoretical technicalities. These reconciliation of economic and social policies through the aid of the social policy in the disadvantaged population has made it objective in arriving to a comprehensive understanding of the social policy while driving to solutions of the poverty and inequality. The underpinnings may include, solidarity, specialization and the monopoly.
Solidarity in the housing support deals with the republicanism of the political philosophy (Robinson, 2002). It denotes the social theory where it explains how the societal moral and the cultural set up. Solidarity underpins the housing support for that the individuals in the geographical area work to their needs and interests. Due to solidarity in the housing support, the national solidarity has been achieved. The rules are only applying in a particular geographical area hence making it difficult in sharing of new ideas or innovations. Some of the group of people have been excluded due to their culture. The government now puts some efforts in catering for the excluded group of the disadvantageous population. It becomes hard in bring back the excluded group into the mainstream culture and society. The governments put effort because with the disadvantaged group being left out the social policy will not be working in the housing support as is supposed to be. THIS IS A SAMPLE ORDER YOUR PAPER NOW
The second theoretical underpinning is the specialization. This is concern with the activities individuals engage in either social or economic exchanges. The individuals are driven by their motivations and interests. This approach helps in exercising of the human rights. The individuals are only targeting achievement of their needs. The government in this case supports the warfare by paying the workers. There will be no working ethics which will lead to conflicts in housing support. This is because the individuals are only concern with meeting their needs but not helping each other (Jamrozik, 2009). Social policy works better in housing support when the members in the area are in unity and cooperate. It is a mere challenge to the disadvantageous population.
There is theoretical support in the approach called monopoly model. In the organization there is hierarchical levels of different classes. The social excursion due to the efforts put in the community in particular. The government have decided to extend support to those are not involved in the monopoly in the population. By doing so the government ensures that the individual person is benefitting from the housing support. The government has made efforts of even encouraging the monopoly in the basis where the population is growing rapidly.
The political utility in the disadvantaged population has set light. The political parties like the Australian labor party has been helping people in getting employed. This could make them meet the housing support in the competing environment. The party could address the social disadvantage, therefore if one is employed it made sure that is not socially excluded. The redistribution of resources through the party, makes the redistribution of the wealth and distributional of resources to the disadvantaged population.
In the disadvantaged population, the transformation of social protection approaches in emphasizing the importance of social protections in response to economic and social risks (Bailie & Wayte, 2006). The concept argues that social protection should be maintained holistic and comprehensive for better addressing of the economic and social resources through the social policy. The holistic approach argues that the workers should be protected against the vulnerabilities which arise from social exclusion and the social inequality. The promotion and the transformation of the workers should be economically addressed to make the disadvantaged population secure and fill part of the society and own the citizenship like any other person in the country.
Similarly, the social transformative policy defines the social policy in the disadvantaged population where the collective intervention in securing the livelihood of the people through economical influential (Jamrozik, 2009). This approach was mostly dealing with the income of the people. It defines the policies in two ways in terms of place and time. This was targeted on creating the social cohesion in the disadvantaged population. It explains how the diverse social policies have in transforming the economic and social cohesion. The interactions between the political, social and economic resources is affected by social policy and it addresses the issues affecting members of the society such as redistributive causes of policies and economic activities.
The public sources were typically tracked for this is where the government agencies need to control how funds are spent as they hold public accountability (Jamrozik, 2009). In catering the disadvantaged population, the government started investing in the local governments where the access of resources could be easy for them. The local governments when lack the funds the government agencies take control. This kind of collaboration makes sure that the resources are enough to the people disadvantaged which defines equality of social policy in the government. As well the local government will be taking care of the disadvantaged in the health issue whereby they contact those who concern in the health department, housing departments and those who deliver home supply of the human resource. In accountability and transparency in distribution of the public resources, there are some managerial personnel which deal with identifying the funding sources through the personal contacts. They prepare a compiled information on the programs of funded areas in the state.
The religious organizations, community service and voluntary. Theoretically, the various groups have attributed to satisfaction of the social policy. The charity organization like the Children’s Safety Networks they are eager in providing some funds to the disadvantaged population to meet their social policy (Bailie & Wayte, 2006). Community groups and associations often do provide volunteers which carry interventions to the disadvantaged. Some of the organizations they end up putting efforts of coming up with housing support. They build houses for these people hence meeting the social policy in such area. Other groups may as well provide health facilities to the marginalized population. The organizations offer services to the complicated disabilities like the pediatricians and mental health. The organization give out experts in such fields where they take care of these to meet their social policy objective.
The government involves the community from the disadvantaged population in planning because they are the one to benefit. This theoretical concept helps in implementing what is needed for achieving the social policy objective and make these people own the projects (Bailie & Wayte, 2006). In the housing support they suggest the kind of housing they require according to their needs. This involvement controls death among the young because of adequate provision of the required resources as per social policy. The government have find it easy in underpinning the disadvantaged population from the adverse living. The volunteers from the community having good know how about its people will make sure the housing support resources are met to the latter (Carson & Kerr, 2014).
Bailie, R.S. & Wayte, K. (2006) ‘Housing and health in Indigenous communities: key issues for housing and health improvement in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Australian Journal of Rural Health, 14 (5), 178-183.
Carson, E. and Kerr, L. (2014 or 2018) Chapter 9. Housing, in Australian Social Policy and the Human Services. Cambridge University Press
Jamrozik, A. (2009) ‘Urban environment, housing and community services’, Chapter Eleven in Social Policy in the Post-Welfare State: Australian society in a changing world (3rd edition), Pearson Education, NSW.
Morris, A., Jamieson, M. and Patulny, R. (2012) ‘Is social mixing of tenures a solution for public housing estates?’ Evidence Base, 1. ANZSOG.
Robinson, C. (2002) “I think home is more than a building”: young home(less) people on the cusp of home, help and something else. Urban Policy and Research, 20 (1), 27-38.
Woods, G. (2004) ‘What is happening in Australian housing markets? Why policy makers should be concerned’. 11th annual Oswald Barnett Oration. Swinburne Institute for Social Research, Melbourne, Vic (15 pages).