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Fundamentals of Epidemiology Essay

Fundamentals of Epidemiology Essay

1-Task details:

This assessment task focuses on critical appraisal of an epidemiological study published in a peer-reviewed journal article. The purpose of this assessment item is to give students an introduction to the appraisal of epidemiological studies.

Task

You will need to use the correct JBI critical appraisal tool (https://joannabriggs.org/sites/default/files/2019-05/JBI_Critical_Appraisal-Checklist_for_Cohort_Studies2017_0.pdf (Links to an external site.)) and answer question 1 . (ie Yes, No, Unclear or Not Applicable).  Also make sure you use appropriate epidemiological language.  For example, if you have concerns about measurement error, indicate what type of measurement error you have identified (eg, non-differential misclassification error) and the effects on the study’s results and validity.In your answer, you will also need to answer the following questions:

  • what was the research question and is the study design the most appropriate?
  • based on items 1 to 5 of the critical appraisal checklist, do you have any concerns about the internal validity of the study?

Make sure that you justify your answers appropriately. 

 Paper

The paper is ” Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study”. This is available here: https://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/357/bmj.j1456.full.pdf (Links to an external site.)

 Assessment 4

Task

You will need to use this tool (Links to an external site.) and evaluate items 6 to 10. (Note: you do not need to evaluate item 11 for this assessment.)  You will need to include its assessment (ie Yes, No, Unclear or Not Applicable) for each item, and justify your choice.  Also make sure you use appropriate epidemiological language and reasoning.  For example, if you have concerns about measurement error, indicate what type of measurement error you have identified (eg, non-differential misclassification error) and the effects on the study’s results and validity.

Paper

The paper is ” Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality: prospective cohort study”. This is available here: https://www.bmj.com/content/bmj/357/bmj.j1456.full.pdf (Links to an external site.)

In your answer, you will also need to answer the following question:

  • based on items 1 to 10of the critical appraisal checklist, do you have any concerns about the internal validity of the study

Make sure that you justify your answer appropriately. 

You can base your answer for the final question on Assessment 3 and 4.

  • Length: Two A4 pages
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