Final Assignment for PHE5PDE 2019
Background – Problems identifiedHigh mortality, morbidity and costs associated with falls amongst high care residents across 6 residential facilities with a total of 360 high care places. All of these 6 residential facilities are part of one large aged care organisation (Organisation A).
Each year, the 6 facilities have about 540 falls. The falls result in:
- 10 fractured necks of femur (NoFs), 8 Colles fractures, 20 head injuries. The incidents result in
- about 65 hospitalisations, and
- 3 residents with #NoFs died within 12 months of the injury;
- 350 hours of additional nursing and monitoring
- Total cost of $700,000 per year
A fall prevention program “Hip Fracture Prevention” has been designed to reduce the morbidity, mortality and costs associated with falls
Assignment Background – Program Details
Aim the program
To reduce morbidity, mortality and costs associated with falls amongst residents in 6 residential facilities in Organisation A.
The program has two phases:
- Preparation and implementation of project – 12 months
- Ongoing phase – from 13th month onwards
Phase one – The preparation and implementation of project – 12 months
- To increase all at risk resident’s balance & strength by 40% within 8 months
- To reduce falls incidence by 80% within one year
- To reduce fractured necks of femur by 80% within one year
- To reduce health care costs for falls by $560,000 within one year
- To reduce facility physical risk factors for falling across the 6 residential facilities by the end of the 2nd months;
- To provide training to all staff to ensure that they all have the competence in conducing falls screening and prevention and correctly following the FRAM and Risk Register processes by the end of the 3rd months;
- To implement a Falls Risk Assessment Method (FRAM) and Risk Register to all 6 residential facilities and to ensure they are included in the care plan for each resident by the end of the 4th month
- To identify patients at risk of falling or rolling out of bed and provide low-low-bed with an adjacent floor mat to all of these patients by the end of the 6th months;
- To identify patients with bone conditions who are at greatest risk of fracture following a fall and provide them with hip protectors by the end of 6th months;
- To educate and support patients who are using hip protectors to ensure they wear the hip protectors correctly by the end of 6th months;
- To provide regular remedial physiotherapy and strengthening programs to all residents throughout the 12-month project period.
- Appoint and train a ‘Falls Guru’ for each residential site who will monitor the implementation of the project and provide support to staff in the 1st month;
- Provide ongoing support to staff in applying the Fall Risk Assessment Method and Falls Register in care plan for residents throughout the project;
- Purchase of hip protectors when needed;
- Purchase of low-low bed with adjacent floor mat when needed;
- Design and commence interventions such as Tai Chi and strength classes for residents that can improve residents’ balance and physical strength.
The project budget allocations for the following inputs to implement the project
- 6 residential facilities to collaborate with appropriate staffing to implement the strategies;
- $160,000 for staffing, development and implementation of falls risk assessment method/process & monitoring system;
- $180,000 for staff training in falls screening and prevention ($30,000 per institution);
- $27,000 for provision of hip protectors (for 180 residents);
- $57,000 for provision of low-low-bed with adjacent floor mat (for 150 residents);
- Providing regular remedial physiotherapy and strengthening programs to all residents $8,000;
- $50,000 for a one-off evaluation.
Phase two – Ongoing program phase
- Training of new staff on the use of risk assessment method and risk register in care plan;
- Hip protector checkup, maintenance and replacement;
- Hip protectors to newly identified high risk residents;
- Provision of low-low-bed with adjacent floor mat to patients who are at risk of falling or rolling out of bed;
- Regular remedial physiotherapy and strengthening programs to all residents throughout the project.
- Ongoing monitoring;
Annual budget $90,800
- Training of new staff $25,000/year
- Maintaining the assessment system across the organization $40,000
- Hip protectors checkup, maintenance and replacement $7,000
- Purchase of low-low-bed with adjacent floor mat 10,800
- Providing regular remedial physiotherapy and strengthening programs to all residents $8,000
- To design an appropriate evaluation for the Preparation and Implementation Project;
- To design an ongoing monitoring plan in the first two years of the Hip Fracture Prevention Program;
- Your evaluation plan should be no more than 3000 words. Students can discuss the assignments with other fellow students, however students should write up the assignment individually and independently.
The evaluation plan for the Preparation and Implementation Project should specify:
- The purpose of the overall evaluation of the Preparation and Implementation Project;
- Details of process evaluation and impact evaluation (please use the two tables provided)
- The strategies that will be employed to control for internal and external validity;
- Potential issues or difficulties that evaluation may encounter / face
*Process and Impact evaluation tables are developed below for use
Ongoing monitoring during the ongoing program phase (2nd phase)
- What should be the focus of the ongoing monitoring of the program annually? You will need to provide details of types of indicators to be collected and frequency of collection.