Question 1: <21{1[1(01)01]}> Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take an interest in politics.
The argument above is flawed because:

  • It doesn’t say which political issues Jessica is interested in.
  • It states that the only purpose of the political science club is to spark an interest in politics.
  • It misuses the word “significantly.”
  • Correct!: it’s possible that an interest in politics caused Jessica to join the political science club.

Question 2: <11{1[3(02)02]}> Catherine goes to her local movie theater only to see romantic comedies. Since Catherine did not go to the movies yesterday, there is not a romantic comedy playing at her local theater.
The reasoning above is flawed because the evidence:

  • Correct!: Does not suggest that Catherine goes to see every romantic comedy that plays at her local movie theater.
  • Implies that Catherine is uninterested in most types of movies.
  • Does not indicate whether Catherine watches only romantic comedies at home.
  • Suggests that Catherine’s local movie theater hardly ever shows romantic comedies.

Question 3: <11{1[4(23)23]}> People have claimed that Jamie’s paintings have given them the blues. Clearly this cannot be entirely correct, since many of Jamie’s paintings contain no blue at all.
The argument above is flawed because the author:

  • Is not a noted painting expert.
  • Relies on contradictory facts.
  • Correct!: Misinterprets a key term.
  • Provides no evidence.

Question 4: <11{1[2(06)06]}> Reporter: A new campaign finance reform bill being considered by Congress would limit the amount of campaign contributions that political candidates can receive. However, a survey of candidates running for mayor, governor, and senate seats shows that not one of them favors the bill. Clearly, there is no desire among politicians to limit campaign contributions.
Which one of the following points out the flaw in the reporter’s argument above?

  • Correct Answer: The views of candidates currently running for office do not necessarily represent the views of all politicians.
  • The reporter wrongly assumes that no politician has ever supported a bill intended to limit campaign contributions.
  • The evidence provided by the reporter suggests that most politicians are in favor of the new bill.
  • The reporter doesn’t indicate the amount that the new bill would limit campaign contributions.