Background to the Disaster
The Exxon Valdez oil tank spilled on Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska in on March 1989. The ship was transporting more than fifty million gallons of crude oil when its bottom opened, and 10.9 million gallons of crude oil spilled into frozen waters of Alaska at the rate of 200,000 gallons per minute (Gill, Picou, & Ritchie, 2011).
Parts of the Environment impacted
Several parts of the environment were affected by the disaster including over eight hundred species of the bird. The findings show that more than 100,000 birds were killed as a result of either suffering from hypothermia or anemia (Gill, Picou, & Ritchie, 2011). Secondly, more than six hindered sea otters were killed as a result of hyperthermia, oil in their bloodstream and blindness. Fish were also affected especially pink salmon and herring species (Sharon & Jones, 2009).