Operation Ceasefire in Boston
Find an article that discusses Operation Ceasefire in Boston. Identify appropriate evaluation questions and state at least 3 of them. Based on what you have learned so far in this class, can you determine if this is a good program? Why or why not? If so, evaluate the program based only on what we have covered so far.Boston experienced an increase in cases of gun-related violence and youth homicides in the late 1980s and early 1990s. The homicides stemmed largely from increased use of crack cocaine among the youth and a rise in violent gang activities (The Bridgespan Group, 2019). In 1990, Juvenile handgun homicides increased to 73 victims from 22 victims in 1987. Consequently, Operation Ceasefire was established in 1995 to handle this issue. The effort was led by a group of community participants, including educators, the police force, and frontline practitioners and financed by the National Institute of Justice. As a social program, Operation Ceasefire can be evaluated using some questions outlined by Rossi, Lipsey, and Freeman (2003) which include: “is the intervention reaching its target population? Is the intervention being implemented well? Are the intended services being provided? Is the intervention effective in attaining the desired goals or benefits?”
The operation ceasefire was a good program for three reasons. First, the program reached its target population. Ideally, the program targeted violent criminal groups with the highest risk of involving in gun-related violence. The working group started by identifying different gang members and contacting them directly (The Bridgespan Group, 2019). The program adopted an accountability model, whereby, its members paid attention to everyone involved in criminal activities and not just the killers, which acted as a powerful deterrent. In addition, the program was implemented well. The approach made strategic use of different authorities like parole officers and the police to prosecute violent actions and establish a strong deterrent aggressively. Community leaders, service providers, and family members also involved directly with gang members to communicate moral messages against crime and provide assistance to those willing to abandon crime.
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