Chapter Four: Qualitative Methods

Chapter Four: Qualitative Methods
Use the textbook below as a reference to help.
Rossi, P. H., Lipsey, M. W., & Freeman, H. E. (2014). Evaluation: A systematic approach. 7th edition. Sage publications.

Chapter 4: Assessing the Need For A Program

Assignment instructions: 1 page (250 words)

Chapter 4 discusses how qualitative methods can be used for describing needs.

1. Discuss the advantages of using qualitative methods for describing needs instead of using quantitative methods

Quantitative methods are effective in presenting the numerical aspects of the need assessment, but not the qualitative side of the program’s needs. As such, in describing certain needs, the qualitative approach might be more advantageous than quantitative methods.  When used to describe needs, qualitative methods are useful in presenting textured knowledge and detailed information, unlike quantitative techniques (p. 127). Using qualitative means increases the probability of obtaining in-depth information since the respondents reveal their attitude, behavior, and feelings that cannot be reflected in the quantitative approach.

2. Is it important to use them in combination when conducting needs assessments? Why or why not?

Both qualitative and quantitative techniques provide different types of information and details. Therefore, using the two procedures together widens the scope of data and information available for the need assessment. The combination of the two methods provides the researcher with both numerical and non-numerical traits of the need. According to  Rossi, Lipsey & Freeman (2014, p. 130), the combination of both qualitative and quantitative approaches is useful when used for need assessment because when used together they provide rich information and reliable estimates.



3. Find a current program that you think needs an assessment. Describe the program, what type of methods you would use to determine the need for that assessment, Would you use qualitative, quantitative, or both? Describe the target population to the best of your abilities. (i.e. what is the population at risk?, what is the population in need?, and describe the nature of service needs (read about this on page 124 of your text)



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