Biological Diversity Evolution and Ecology

QUESTION N°1:Review this scientific article: “Carrasco, M. A., Barnosky, A. D., & Graham, R. W. (2009). Quantifying the extent of north American mammal extinction relative to the pre-anthropogenic baseline.”

PLoS One, 4(12) doi: http://dx.doi.org.ezproxy.smccme.edu/10.1371/journal.pone.0008331

  • Note: I attached the article itself as a PDF in this assignment.
  1. BRIEFLY summarize the research
  2. find and re-state or paraphrase the hypothesis
  3. briefly explain the results of one of the figures (please cut and paste the figure into your response).
  4. remember to include at least 5 relevant terms as described above. (15 + sentences, 30 pts)

QUESTION N°2:

Do the same as in question number (1). Review this scientific article: Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past, the present, and the future.

Mercel, V. D. H. G., Francis, M. M., Marc-Andre, S., & Ian, S. R. (2015). Mycorrhizal ecology and evolution: the past, the present, and the future. New Phytologist205(4), 1406-1423.

https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.13288

  • Note: I attached the article itself as a PDF in this assignment.
  1. BRIEFLY summarize the research
  2. find and re-state or paraphrase the hypothesis
  3. briefly explain the results of one of the figures (please cut and paste the figure into your response).
  4. remember to include at least 5 relevant terms as described above and these five terms must be different from those already used. (15 + sentences, 30 pts).

QUESTION N°3:

Read ONE of the following three articles/ essays:

(a). “How Flowers Changed the World”, by Loren Eisley (I attached the article as a PDF)

(b). “The Insect Apocalypse Is Here”, by Brooke Jarvis

(https://www.nytimes.com/2018/11/27/magazine/insect-apocalypse.html)

(c).  “Restore our Sense of Species” by Klaus-Douwe B. Dijkstra (I attached the article as a PDF)

  • Questions need to be RESPOND.
  1. What do you think is the main point?
  2. Quote a passage that is connected with this point.
  3. What is the most convincing “data” or example given?
  4. What evolutionary, ecological and /or diversity concepts or principles help you understand the article? What new concepts are introduced?
  5. Note that the Eisley article was written in the 1950s; What old terminology or thinking is used?
  6. How might it be “updated”?
  7. Does the article suggest that the study of biology tends to prompt emotional responses?

Explain. Finally, do you think it is possible to study these issues without an emotional response? Why or why not? (Two long-each paragraph, or more 30%)